The ADAT format allows 8 channels of digital audio on a single optical connector, but only at sample rates up to 48kHz.

At 88.2kHz and 96kHz, the S/MUX format must be used instead. S/MUX is a way of squeezing higher frequency signals into an ADAT carrier. Twice as many samples are transmitted for each channel, so there can only be half as many channels.